Manipura Chakra – ‘jeweled city’
The manipura chakra is located in the sushumna nadi at the level of the navel. It corresponds to the solar plexus which controls the digestive fire and regulation of heat in the body. In its center is a red triangle which contains the fire element. Each side of the triangle has a bhupura in the shape of a T. Its bija mantra is ram. The ten dark purple petals contain the mantras dam, dham, nam, tam, tham, dam, dham, nam, pam and pham. The presiding deity is Rudra, an aspect of Siva.
“He who concentrates successfully on this chakra has no fear of fire and is free from disease.” ~ Swami Vishnu-devananda, Meditation and Mantras
There is a branch of tantra called swara yoga, the science of breath, which is used to help awaken kundalini. In the swara yoga system, there are five major Pranas in the body, prana (here it means upward moving Prana), apana (downward moving Prana), vyana, udana and samana. After practicing a lot of sadhana, the prana (upward moving Prana), and apana (downward moving Prana), meet in the muladhara chakra. Here they fuse together, heat is created, and the manipura chakra is awakened.
When manipura is awakened, the higher planes of perception are opened:
“Quote removed per request from Satyananda organization – copyright violation” ~ Swami Satyananda, Kundalini Tantra
Manipura chakra is associated with the sense of sight. The jnana-indriya or organ of knowledge is the eyes. The karma-indriya or organ of activity is the feet. Along with the swadhishthana chakra, it is the seat of the pranamaya kosha, or pranic body.